Water scarcity is one of the most complex problems facing millions of people in the dark continent and the sluggishness of the world economy. Until it appears to be the cause of many socio-economic problems, it has become an unanswered question.
Although much of South and East Africa has been devastated by monsoon rains and floods, water is still a major problem for many people on the African continent. According to the African Development Bank, nearly two-thirds of Africans living in rural areas do not have access to adequate water and sanitation.
According to the United Nations Development Program, the number of Africans suffering from lack of adequate water has increased significantly. Not only that. The Dark Continent, the African continent, is the only region where poverty is expected to increase in the next 100 years …
According to Professor Albert Wright, a Ghanaian civil engineer and sanitation expert who presented a draft bill for Africa at the World Water Conference in The Hague on March 17, 2000, said the water problem in Africa was caused by a shortage of water.
“There are a lot of socio-economic problems that are caused by this shortage of water, which means there are no strategies to improve water resources,” says Wright.
This water problem caused Africans to stalk the man who fell from the tree. Waterborne illnesses are common among millions of Africans who are malnourished due to crop failure.
“These people are getting weaker because they are suffering from worm disease. They are saying that half the food they eat is made of worms that have to eat them.”
According to an African Development Bank report, half of the people on the African continent suffer from at least one of the six major waterborne illnesses. There are 46 countries in the world where bilharzia worm disease is present. In addition, Africa has the highest population growth rate of 3 percent in the world. All this means that water demand is increasing, not decreasing.
Professor Albert Wright says Africa has extreme climate anomalies. While Congo’s water supply continues to grow, Angola Mozambique and Namibia are moving it further down.
According to him, the lack of information about rain and other natural water resources makes it difficult to find strategies to solve this problem. “We don’t know how much groundwater there is. Professor Wright says: Experts say the world is warming, such as warming
Because of the prevailing rain pattern, it is impossible to predict the rain.
Experts in the African continent, who are tired of civil wars and riots, are skeptical about whether this unfortunate water shortage will lead to another war.
Professor Albert Wright says that it is a matter of great concern that instead of developing limited water resources, it is a cause of war. Competition among African countries is a major concern for the quantity of water available. One example of that is the Okavango River. The river that flows from the mountains of Anguilla through one area of Namibia is completely exhausted as it reaches the Dakwango Delta in Botswana.
Clean water is a rare thing in Windhoek, the capital of Namibia. About one-sixth of the city’s water is contaminated. Km. M. 250 from the Okavango River
Windhoek is proposing a pipeline to deliver water to the city, but they fear that the state of Botswana will lose the Okavango Delta and consequently the lucrative tourism industry.
Another area that is likely to be affected by the water shortage is Lake Chad. Lake Chad, bordering Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon, and Chad, was built in the early ’60s with a water capacity of 100 km 2. 25,000. Down to 2,000.
On March 6 in Bamako, the capital of Mali, the Caribbean, Latin American and African politicians and experts who had gathered to discuss the water problem and the areas that became so desolate and desolate, heard how two-thirds of Africa had become deserted.
This desolation and desertion has become a serious problem in every continent, affecting about 70 percent of the world’s dry farms. The above delegation is Hama Arba Dissalle, Executive Writer of the United Nations Organization for the Conflict. Said before.
Reckless deforestation and irregular agricultural practices are among the many causes of this complex problem. Educating its residents and educating them on this is part of the answer to the problem.
It is also important to introduce efficiently advanced technology for agriculture and sanitation as well as to introduce low-cost seawater treatment to coastal areas.